Система Orphus

Religious Vocabulary
texts by graduate students

* graduation year

Условные обозначения:
  • CAPITALS: active vocabulary words and collocations students have used
  • Underline: elements that have been corrected by the tutor
  • Underline and Delete: superfluous erroneous elements that have been corrected by the tutor
  • Italics: where appropriate, elements which explain the corrected mistakes
  • Dotted underline: elements not graded for various reasons (e.g. dubious or erroneous statements, vague in meaning).
  • [numbers in brackets]: grades students have accumulated by the time of this post (include grades for word tests)
  • [(number in parenthesis inside the brackets)]: grades the student has received for this particular post
  • [underlined numbers in brackets]: mid-term grades (include grades for word tests, class attendance, posts, as well as deductions in fines)
  • [numbers in brackets in bold type]: total number of grades students have accumulated throughout the semester (continuous assessment)

2nd year of study: Autumn 2017

1) If you are planning to become a choir director, it is essential for you to be able to understand and interpret RUBRICAL NOTES.
2) While in Protestant services HYMNS are in most cases accompanied by an organ, Eastern chant is always a capella.
3) MANIPLE was first used in Rome at the beginning of the 6th century; furthermore, from the letters of Gregory the Great we learn that it was also worn in Ravenna closer to the end of the same century.
4) The word 'SACRISTY' was borrowed from French in the late Middle English period, with its spelling remaining virtually unchanged.
5) APOPHATIC THEOLOGY is used because otherwise it's impossible to describe God's essence which is beyond our human understanding.
6) The word ORDO can be used to denote a religious order in monasticism as well as a book of rubrics.

Е.Г. [(3) 18]

"Orthodox Quote of the Week"

Truth be told, I cannot say that I fully understand and support these words of St. Ignatius. In particular I wonder what is meant by a "false understanding of prayer". I may suggest that St. Ignatius is speaking here about the way in which prayer is understood not as a true live converstaion with God, whereas, to my mind this is the right conception of prayer. If a person treats prayer in a kind of magical way instead, i. e. he or she believes that simply pronouncing the words of prayer is enough and any personal relation with God is unnecessary, such an understanding will indeed be hazardous because it distorts the very idea of prayer. However, if you realize that in the very moment of prayer you are speaking to a living God, who is everywhere present and hears everything, such prayer cannot be harmful even if you, for instance, do not know the exact words of the prayer or pronounce something incorrectly. In the first place the Lord looks into our souls, and as long as we come to the prayer with a pure and loving heart, our prayer will be beneficial.

Е.Г. [(5) 15]

"Orthodox Quote of the Week"

Every believer faces the danger of addiction to the words of the prayers and distractions during prayer. To prevent this, people must constantly fight with it, as the Holy Fathers said “guard your mind”, to learn “to enter into the mind in a word of prayer”.
First of all, you can't afford to say the words, when the mind and heart don't answer them. If you started to say the prayer, but in the middle of it, your attention has strayed, return to the place where attention had dissipated and repeat the prayer. If necessary, repeat it three times, five, ten times, but make sure that your entire being responded.

Я.Б. [(4) 10]

"Orthodox Quote of the Week"

After some time of reflection I agreed with this statement, although initially I didn’t want to agree with it. I even tried to imagine the situation, when it could be wrong, but the result was poor: I wasn’t able to invent such situation. But the opposite example, which is completely in agreement with St. Ignatius’s statement, can be easily remembered. Sometimes I can see that even a hearty repetition of prayer without any measure can be fruitless. Primarily it seems normal, but then this prayer could become a sort of routine, and even bothersome routine, and after that, if you don’t change your practice, you could feel loath and hatred to prayer and even to the person about whom the prayer is. The end of this way, of course, can be more lamentable and more harmful than even that.
Of course, the vulgarization and routinization of prayer is not the only false conception of it. The imagination, not controlled and even cultivated sometimes in prayer, usually, if not always, is a great danger.
Maybe it’s possible to say that the lack of actual repentance, the true metanoia, is a first cause of these awful results. You don’t change your mind, and so your prayer begins to be routine. You don’t fight with your imagination, and so there is no room to repentance in your spirit. So the presence of repentance is one of major points in true conception of prayer.

C.C. [(5) 5]

"Orthodox Quote of the Week"

We often have to deal with passive fatalism when people feel unable to confront the circumstances. Then, without any thoughts about meaning of their words, they throw such a phrase like "Lord's will" or even someone likes to say "Lord has many more other things besides me".
Each of these people hardly understands that Our Lord lives everywhere and always in our mind, thoughts, words and actions, but we only should try to love him and keep His commandments and of course we can see Holy protection over us. We just have to believe Him and entrust all into His hands then we will not have to be afraid.

Я.Б. [(4) 6]

"Orthodox Quote of the Week"

Of course, only saints and ascetics could talk about receiving thoughts from God and the Angels. People who are on the stages of purification are affected by both Angels and evil spirits. We usually do not pay attention, where there is a new idea, whence it originated. And it's so important to understand and define. Is it from the right — from Angels, or left — from the evil spirit. Thoughts from demons are filled with embarrassment and sadness. The thought of God comes with joy.

Я.Б. [(2) 2]

"Orthodox Quote of the Week"

I agree with the quote. A person is able to see in others only the things he experienced in his own life, in his own soul. In this respect, a story with Adam and Eve comes to my mind: until they tried the forbidden fruit, they couldn’t see their nakedness because they knew only the good and no evil. But with this fruit the ability to see bad things appeared in them, their thoughts and frame of mind changed drastically.
A person who is holy in his thoughts and way of life sees the same in others. In the same way, when you yourself have some bad thoughts and passions, you start to suspect that others also do have them, simply because you know that these passions exist and you are probably not alone in having them. This attitude, however, is not the best one to have.

Е.Г. [(5) 10]

"Orthodox Quote of the Week"

I fully agree with the statement and believe that almost everyone of us was given a chance to feel it at some point. God is our Heavenly Father, it was He who created us, gave us different talents and the possibility of achieving Life Eternal. He loves and cares about us, hoping that we’ll be turning to Him for help.
However, it’s sometimes difficult for me to believe that God is with us in each and every moment. How can He be with us when we are so unclean, unworthy and full of sins and transgressions? Indeed, it’s impossible to comprehend it with our limited mind and that is why it’s a matter of faith. And surely, if God is with us, we should have nothing to worry about or be afraid of, as He is all Love and Compassion and will never give us the cross we’ll be unable to carry.

Е.Г. [(5) 5]

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